Using Statistical and Machine Learning Approaches to Investigate the Factors Affecting Fire Incidents

Fires can cause costly property damages and significant economic losses. They are also a major source of severe injury and loss of human life in our urban and rural communities. Historical data of fire incidents can reveal patterns of fire incidents. The national fire information database (NFID) contains historical data of fire incidents across the … Read more

Fire and Disasters Examining Fire Incidents During Major Disasters and Emergencies in Canada

Canadian cities, towns, municipalities, regions, and provinces experience various types of major disaster and emergencies. Major disasters and emergencies are larger than everyday emergencies and can quickly overwhelm the first responders that are called to respond to them. Major disasters and emergencies may require the application of different performance standards and protocols. While fire departments … Read more

Developing a fire response test bench based on NFID

Based on assumptions of completeness and consistency of fire incident data reported in the National Fire Information Database (NFID) for the 11‐year period from 2005 through 2015, the research team had proposed to develop, by leveraging relevant information in the NFID, a simulation engine that would provide fire departments across Canada with a tool for … Read more

The Role of Insurance in Reducing the Frequency and Severity of Fire Losses

Fires, whether in urban areas, the wildland–urban interface (WUI) or on undeveloped land, create significant losses in Canada. The risk associated with fire varies across urbanization, land use, fire services, vegetation, weather, and other factors. From mega–cities to suburban neighbourhoods to remote communities, the risk associated with fire and the response to fire events differs … Read more

Home Cooking Structure Fires in Four Canadian Jurisdictions: Analyses of the National Fire Information Database, 2005 to 2014

Home cooking structure fires are a significant, yet preventable, public-safety problem. Analyses of the National Fire Information Database (NFID), which collected and standardized roughly a decade of fire records from seven Canadian jurisdictions (including six provinces and the Canadian Armed Forces), revealed that cooking fires as a percentage of all “determined” home fires did not … Read more

Remote Sensing of Wildland Fire-induced Risk: Assessment Framework

Wildland fire is one of the critical natural hazards that pose a significant threat to the communities located in the vicinity of forested/vegetated areas. In this report, our overall goal was to use very high spatial resolution (0.5-2.4m) satellite images to develop wildland fire-induced risk framework. We considered two extreme fire events, such as the … Read more

Fire Risk Assessment Model for Residential Buildings Using Bow-tie Method

Ensuring the safety of citizens is a responsibility of the government. Fire incidents can create many adverse impacts on human, property, environment and reputation. In this research, a probabilistic model to assess the fire risk in residential buildings using the Bow-tie Method was developed. A user-friendly predictive tool called “DynamicFire” was developed based on the … Read more

The Epidemiology of Residential Fires Among Children and Youth in Canada

The purpose of this report is to detail the epidemiology and burden of residential fire injuries and deaths among Canadian children and youth, aged 0 to 19 years for the ten-year period, 2005-2015. For the first time, comprehensive fire data from across Canada is available in the National Firefighters Information Database. Using this novel dataset, … Read more

Fire and at risk populations in Canada: Analysis of the Canadian National Fire Information Database

This research examines the Canadian National Fire Information Database (NFID) to understand more about At Risk Populations (Area of Focus #5 as per the Request for Proposal documentation). The broad focus was to explore what we know about fire-related casualties in Canada and what the protective influences of working life safety systems are. The analysis … Read more

Firefighter Injuries Relative to Fire Response Characteristics

Firefighters perform physically demanding work while providing essential services to support the health and wellbeing of our communities. Firefighting tasks often expose firefighters to workplace factors that are associated with injury and illness. In particular, fire suppression activities have been linked with higher physical demands and higher injury rates. Although previous research has identified the … Read more