Research Papers

These resources are provided for your information only. Their inclusion in this listing should not be considered an endorsement by the Centre for Safe Schools and Communities. While we’ve made an effort to review the content of each of the sites on this list, we cannot guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of the information they contain.

A Survey and Literature Review that Reveals Best Practices for Working with Sexually Exploited Youth (2011)

Talia Bell, MA

Providing services to support youth in exiting sexual exploitation requires multiple methods. Exploration of best practices through a literature review as well as interviews with service providers running programs specifically with the Boys and Girls Clubs of Calgary identify strengths, promising practices, best practices, and considerations for improving programming. Many programs that work with sexually exploited youth exist in Canada, and this paper aims to synthesize key aspects of the programs including collaborative approaches to strengthen service delivery, resourcing, and best or promising practices. It was found that a need for collaborative approaches and a strengthened inventory of resources for service providers across the country would benefit the work of Calgary based programs. As well, an approach to service delivery that includes trauma informed care, holistic services, collaboration, and employing staff who have recovered from sexual exploitation could be among the best and or promising practices to working with sexually exploited youth.

To read the major paper click here.

Facebook and Personality: What is the Connection? (2010)

Kelly Wong, UFV Psychology Student

Social networking sites are internet-based communities that individuals use to make a public or partially-public profile and communicate/connect with others. Kelly Wong, a BA student in the Department of Psychology at the University of the Fraser Valley conducted a study to determine what personality variables are associated with using social networking sites, such as Facebook. This project was supervised by Dr. Ron Laye in the Department of Psychology at the University of the Fraser Valley.

To read the poster presentation, please click here.

Perspectives on the Capacity of the Canadian Police System to Respond to “Child Pornography” on the Internet (2009)

Catherine Dawson, MA

The internet, its affordability, accessibility, and anonymity provide new venues where child exploitation crimes have increased. An exponential rise in the exchange of images of sexual abuse, commonly referred to as “child pornography” has occurred. The purpose of this major paper was to explore this phenomenon within an international context, and assess the capacity of Canadian law enforcement (national and municipal) to respond. In order to do so a survey was sent to police departments across Canada, to have officers identify the challenges they faced in responding to images of child abuse on the Internet, and to solicit officers’ general opinions on this issue. The research resulted in five key findings that implied that existing capacity gaps were rooted in a lack of applied or ratified international agreements and commitments, a failure of system interoperability, a lack of effective private-public partnerships, and the weaknesses in current Canadian legislation, particular to mandated reporting of suspicious content (which is now under review). Finally, a lack of appropriate, accessible support and training for police was identified. Informed by the research, the authors makes several recommendations.

To read the full copy of this paper, please click here.

An Analysis of the Relationship between School Bonding and Drug Use among High School Students (2009)

Annette Vogt, MA

This study examined the relationship between social bonding indicators and drug use among grade eight to twelve students, drawing from attachment and involvement dimensions of Hirschi’s Social Bonding Theory for the conceptual framework. Data was utilized from the Safe School Social Responsibility Survey for Secondary Students (SSSRS) for the 2005/06 and 2006/07 school years to understand the extent to which school bonding, a measure of attachment to school and involvement at school, was associated to current and future drug use. “Attachment to school” indicators included perceptions of students’ liking for school, feeling respected from adults at school, and feeling their ideas were important to adults at school. “Involvement at school” indicators included self-reported rates of students’ participation in groups or clubs at school, and non-participating behaviours involving skipping class and skipping an entire day of school. This study provides important evidence, as well as practical indicators, to support the proposition that school bonding is associated to, and predictive of, current and future drug use.

To read the full copy of this paper, please click here.

css.php